IFLA: Cultural Landscapes Committee

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Mount Huangshan

Cultural Landscape Type: Evolved Continuing, Associative

Project Name: General Management Plan for Mount Huangshan

Project Type: Planning Project, Comprehensive Master Plan and Management Plan

Location: Province of Anhui, China, N30°10′/ E118°11′

Cultural Landscape Size: 16000ha

Property Owner/Steward: People’s Republic of China/ Three-level management system by State, Province and the National Park, and the direct management agancy is Administrative Committee of Mount Huangshan National Park

Funding: Administrative Committee of Mount Huangshan National Park

Relevant Historical Dates: In 747 A.D. of the Tang Dynasty, the mountain was named “Huangshan” by Emperor Xuanzong. During the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty (mid-16th century) painters in the “Shanshui” style of the mountain appeared.

Historic Landscape Architect, Designers: N/A

Contact: YANG Rui; Chair and Professor, Department of Landscape Architecture, Tsinghua University; 0086- 62797027; yrui@tsinghua.edu.cn

Project Description:

Mount Huangshan, known as 'the loveliest mountain of China', was acclaimed through art and literature during a good part of Chinese history (e.g. the Shanshui 'mountain and water' style of the mid-16th century). The mountain was ever a magnet for hermits, poets and landscape architects fascinated by its magnificent scenery made up of many granite peaks and rocks emerging out of a sea of clouds. Special relationship forms between man and nature in this unique place, and it is in the mountain that the sixteen qualities of Heaven are endlessly revealed. Today it holds the same fascination for visitors, poets, painters and photographers who come on pilgrimage to the site. (reference: WHC 547)

The mountain was designated as a Chinese National Park in 1982, and a World Heritage site in 1990, complying with Criteria (ii)(vii)(x). Up to 2007, the number of annual visitors had increased to over 2 miilion person-visits.

This plan was based on the revision of the Master Plan for Huangshan National Park approved in 1987 by the State Council. It has explored new planning contents and methods in various aspects, according to the characteristics of Huangshan National Park, as well as the traditional planning methods, including: objectives system, zoning, visitor experience management, visitor spatial and temporal distribution model, tourism products and marketing on peak days, monitoring system, and community issues.

The plan was approved in 2007 by the State Council. And it has been the main basis for protection and management of Mount Huangshan National Park from 2007 to 2025.

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. . .deterioration or disappearance of any item of the cultural or natural heritage constitutes a harmful impoverishment of the heritage of all the nations of the world.

World Heritage Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 1972